Calculate the SHA-256 digest of a file

ring-badge data-encoding-badge cat-cryptography-badge

Writes some data to a file, then calculates the SHA-256 digest::Digest of the file’s contents using digest::Context.

use error_chain::error_chain;
use data_encoding::HEXUPPER;
use ring::digest::{Context, Digest, SHA256};
use std::fs::File;
use std::io::{BufReader, Read, Write};

error_chain! {
    foreign_links {

fn sha256_digest<R: Read>(mut reader: R) -> Result<Digest> {
    let mut context = Context::new(&SHA256);
    let mut buffer = [0; 1024];

    loop {
        let count = reader.read(&mut buffer)?;
        if count == 0 {


fn main() -> Result<()> {
    let path = "file.txt";

    let mut output = File::create(path)?;
    write!(output, "We will generate a digest of this text")?;

    let input = File::open(path)?;
    let reader = BufReader::new(input);
    let digest = sha256_digest(reader)?;

    println!("SHA-256 digest is {}", HEXUPPER.encode(digest.as_ref()));


Sign and verify a message with HMAC digest

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Uses ring::hmac to creates a hmac::Signature of a string then verifies the signature is correct.

use ring::{hmac, rand};
use ring::rand::SecureRandom;
use ring::error::Unspecified;

fn main() -> Result<(), Unspecified> {
    let mut key_value = [0u8; 48];
    let rng = rand::SystemRandom::new();
    rng.fill(&mut key_value)?;
    let key = hmac::Key::new(hmac::HMAC_SHA256, &key_value);

    let message = "Legitimate and important message.";
    let signature = hmac::sign(&key, message.as_bytes());
    hmac::verify(&key, message.as_bytes(), signature.as_ref())?;